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How to Help Your Dog Overcome Constipation: A Comprehensive Guide

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Constipation in dogs can be an uncomfortable and distressing condition. If your furry companion is experiencing constipation, you may be wondering how you can provide relief and support their digestive system. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore various home remedies and treatment options to help your dog overcome constipation effectively and comfortably. Remember, it’s always essential to consult with your veterinarian to ensure the best course of action for your dog’s specific needs.

How to Fix Dog Constipation

Understanding Dog Constipation

Constipation in dogs refers to infrequent bowel movements, difficulty defecating, and the production of hard and dry stools. Just like in humans, regular and healthy bowel movements are crucial for dogs’ overall well-being. When dogs are constipated, they may strain to defecate or not produce stools at all.

Signs of Dog Constipation

Detecting constipation in your dog is relatively straightforward. Look out for the following signs:

  1. Lack of defecation for a few days.
  2. Hard, dry stools that resemble pebbles.

Additionally, two other signs of discomfort associated with constipation are:

  • Tenesmus: This involves straining to defecate with little or no result or producing small amounts of liquid fecal matter mixed with blood.
  • Dyschezia: This refers to painful or difficult defecation.

Causes of Constipation in Dogs

Constipation in dogs can have various underlying causes, including:

  1. Diet: A lack of dietary fiber is often a contributing factor. Dogs may also ingest non-food items such as hair, toys, or kitty litter, leading to blockages and abnormal fecal transit. Additionally, certain dietary elements like bones and bone meal, as well as excessive dietary calcium, can contribute to constipation.
  2. Age: Elderly dogs are more prone to constipation.
  3. Activity level: Being sedentary often results in slower bowel transit.
  4. Digestive tract tumors: Tumors within the digestive tract can obstruct normal bowel movements.
  5. Tumors that narrow the pelvic region: Tumors in the pelvic area can impede the passage of stool.
  6. Anal gland issues: Problems with the anal glands can disrupt normal bowel movements.
  7. Prostate enlargement: An enlarged prostate can interfere with the dog’s ability to defecate.
  8. Dehydration or electrolyte imbalances: Inadequate water intake or imbalances in electrolyte levels can lead to constipation.
  9. Medications: Some medications, such as opiates, diuretics, antihistamines, certain antacids, and certain cancer drugs, can cause constipation.
  10. Metabolic diseases: Conditions like hypothyroidism and renal (kidney) issues can contribute to constipation.
  11. Spinal diseases and injuries: Injuries or diseases affecting the spine can disrupt the normal functioning of the digestive system.
  12. Central nervous system disorders: Disorders affecting the central nervous system can impact bowel movements.
  13. Stress and psychological problems: Environmental factors or psychological stressors can cause a dog to hold in their stool.
  14. Orthopedic disorders: Conditions that affect a dog’s ability to squat can lead to constipation.
  15. Surgery: Medical procedures and medications administered during surgery may result in constipation during the post-operative period.

It’s important to note that the severity and duration of constipation symptoms can vary, and some cases may require veterinary attention.

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Home Remedies for Dog Constipation

If your dog is experiencing mild constipation, there are several home remedies you can try to provide relief and encourage regular bowel movements. However, it’s crucial to consult with your veterinarian before attempting any home remedies, as they can assess your dog’s condition and provide tailored advice.

Ensuring Proper Hydration

One common cause of constipation in dogs is inadequate water intake. To keep your dog’s digestive system functioning optimally, it’s important to ensure they are properly hydrated. Dogs should ideally drink around one ounce of water per pound of body weight daily. If your dog is reluctant to drink water, you can try adding low-sodium chicken broth to their bowl as a motivator.

Stimulating the Digestive System

Stimulating your dog’s digestive system can help alleviate constipation. There are several ways to achieve this:

  1. Fiber-rich foods: Introduce foods that are high in fiber to your dog’s diet. Fiber helps add bulk to the stool and promotes regular bowel movements. Incorporate fiber-rich fruits and vegetables such as apples, blueberries, carrots, peaches, green beans, raspberries, and peas into their meals.
  2. Exercise: Regular exercise is crucial for maintaining a healthy digestive system. Ensure your dog gets daily exercise, such as walks or playtime, as physical activity can stimulate bowel movements.
  3. Stomach massage: Gently massaging your dog’s stomach can help stimulate the digestive system and promote bowel movements. Here’s a step-by-step guide:
    • Ensure your dog is relaxed and lying on their back with their paws facing upward.
    • Use small circular motions to massage their stomach clockwise and counterclockwise for about five minutes.
    • After the initial five minutes, continue massaging in wider circular motions for an additional five minutes.

Altering Your Dog’s Diet

Diet plays a significant role in regulating bowel movements. If your dog is on a dry diet, temporarily switching to canned food can help alleviate constipation. Canned dog food generally contains more moisture, which can aid in softening the stool and promoting regular bowel movements. Consult with your veterinarian to determine the best diet for your dog’s specific needs.

Using Coconut Oil

Coconut oil can serve as a natural stool softener for dogs. It can help ease constipation by lubricating the intestines and facilitating the passage of stool. You can feed coconut oil directly to your dog or mix it into their food. Remember to use it in moderation, as excessive consumption can lead to diarrhea.

Incorporating Olive Oil

Similar to coconut oil, olive oil can help soften the stool and lubricate the intestinal tract, making it easier for your dog to pass stool. However, it’s important to use olive oil sparingly, as excessive consumption can also result in diarrhea. If olive oil is not available, vegetable oil can provide a similar effect.

Introducing Pumpkin Puree

Pumpkin puree is a popular remedy for dog constipation. It is rich in fiber and moisture, aiding in regular bowel movements. The Merck Veterinary Manual suggests adding 1 to 4 tablespoons of pumpkin puree to each meal for dogs experiencing mild constipation. However, it’s essential to use 100% pumpkin puree and avoid pumpkin pie filling, which contains additional ingredients that can upset your dog’s stomach.

Increasing Fiber Intake

Fiber plays a crucial role in maintaining regular bowel movements and preventing constipation. It is fermented by bacteria in the dog’s intestine, promoting healthy digestion. You can increase your dog’s fiber intake by incorporating fiber-rich foods into their diet. Some examples include apples, blueberries, carrots, peaches, green beans, raspberries, and peas. Check the fiber content of these foods to ensure an adequate amount for your dog.

Administering Probiotics

Probiotics can be beneficial for dogs with constipation. These supplements introduce healthy gut bacteria, which aid in digestion and create an optimal environment for proper bowel movements. Probiotics can also inhibit the growth of harmful bacteria and prevent infections. Before giving your dog probiotics, consult with your veterinarian to ensure it is safe and suitable for their specific needs, as some dogs, particularly those with compromised immune systems, may require caution when administering probiotics.

Considering Laxatives

Laxatives can be used to treat dogs with constipation, but they should only be used under the guidance of a veterinarian. Laxatives can help soften the stool and promote regular bowel movements. However, long-term use of laxatives is discouraged unless recommended by a veterinarian. Rectal suppositories, such as stool softeners and stimulant laxatives, can be used in conjunction with oral laxatives if necessary. Always consult your veterinarian before administering any laxatives to ensure the safety and appropriate dosage for your dog’s condition.

Note: It’s important to remember that severe cases of constipation may require veterinary intervention. If your dog’s constipation persists or worsens, or if they show signs of pain, discomfort, or distress, it’s crucial to seek professional veterinary care.

When to Seek Veterinary Care

While home remedies can be effective for mild constipation, it’s important to recognize when veterinary care is necessary. Constipation can be a symptom of underlying health issues that require medical attention. Here are some situations when you should seek veterinary care:

  1. Chronic constipation: If your dog’s constipation persists for an extended period or becomes a recurring issue, it may be a sign of an underlying condition that requires veterinary evaluation and treatment.
  2. Obstipation: Obstipation occurs when the colon becomes impacted with hardened fecal matter, making it impossible for the dog to defecate. This is a severe condition that requires immediate veterinary care.
  3. Megacolon: Megacolon refers to a condition where the colon becomes distended and loses its ability to move feces along. Chronic constipation can contribute to the development of megacolon. Veterinary intervention is necessary to manage and treat this condition.
  4. Additional symptoms: If your dog exhibits other signs of distress or discomfort, such as vomiting, lethargy, or a bloated appearance, it is crucial to seek veterinary care promptly.
  5. Post-surgical constipation: If your dog experiences constipation after undergoing surgery, contact your veterinarian for advice and guidance.

When visiting the veterinarian, provide as much information as possible about your dog’s condition, including the duration of constipation, stool color and consistency, changes in diet or routine, any non-food items your dog may have ingested, signs of straining or pain during defecation, any medications or injuries, and any other signs of distress or discomfort. The veterinarian will conduct a thorough examination, which may include abdominal palpation, rectal exam, radiographs, barium enema, ultrasound, colonoscopy, complete blood count, urinalysis, and neurological exam, depending on the duration and severity of the symptoms.

Veterinary Treatment and Prevention

Most cases of dog constipation can be resolved with mild treatments, such as dietary adjustments, increased water intake, and exercise. However, more severe cases may require veterinary intervention. Here are some treatment options that a veterinarian may recommend:

  1. Manual removal of impacted feces: In severe cases of constipation, the veterinarian may manually remove hardened fecal matter from the colon to provide immediate relief.
  2. Medications: The veterinarian may prescribe medications to stimulate normal colon function or inhibit the production of certain enzymes that contribute to constipation.
  3. Surgery: In rare and extreme cases, surgery may be necessary, especially for conditions such as megacolon. Surgical procedures, such as colectomy (the removal of sections of the colon), may be performed to alleviate severe constipation.

To prevent constipation in dogs, it’s important to maintain a well-balanced diet, provide access to fresh water at all times, and ensure regular exercise. Monitoring your dog’s bowel movements and promptly addressing any changes or abnormalities can also help prevent constipation from becoming a chronic issue. Additionally, maintaining regular veterinary check-ups and discussing any concerns or changes in your dog’s health with your veterinarian can aid in the early detection and prevention of constipation and other digestive issues.


Constipation in dogs can be uncomfortable and distressing, but with the right care and treatment, it can be effectively managed. By incorporating home remedies, such as ensuring proper hydration, stimulating the digestive system, altering the diet, using natural stool softeners like coconut oil and olive oil, incorporating pumpkin puree and fiber-rich foods, administering probiotics, and considering laxatives under veterinary guidance, you can provide relief and promote regular bowel movements for your furry companion.

However, it’s important to remember that severe or chronic cases of constipation require veterinary attention. Regular veterinary check-ups, open communication with your veterinarian, and proactive monitoring of your dog’s health and bowel movements are crucial for preventing and addressing constipation effectively. By being vigilant and proactive, you can help your dog maintain a healthy digestive system and overall well-being.

Remember, the information provided in this guide is meant to serve as a reference and starting point for understanding and managing dog constipation. Always consult with your veterinarian for personalized advice and treatment options tailored to your dog’s specific needs.

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